Finland has 5,944 kilometres of railways in use, of which 3,067 kilometres are electrified lines. About EUR 135 million a year is spent on track maintenance.
The railway network’s maximum axle weight is 25 tonnes. The speed limit for passenger trains is 220 km/h and 120 km/h for freight trains.
At level crossings, the railway line is crossed, at the same level, by a road or pedestrian/bicycle route. Finland’s railway network has more than 3,000 level crossings. At a minimum, these are marked by a warning sign.
Good visibility is the most important characteristic of a safe level crossing. The road keeper is responsible for the visibility and condition of the level crossing area; the road keeper is either a private road management body or the Finnish Transport Agency.
The Finnish Transport Agency is removing level crossings on the railway sections where the aim is to increase line speed. Level crossings are not allowed on railway lines with a line speed exceeding 140 km/h.